What is Monotype Printmaking?
What is a Monotype Print?
A monotype is a hand-pulled art print, created with pigment alone (usually printmaking ink) on a smooth plate (usually metal, acrylic or glass) that is pressed against paper (usually printmaking paper) to transfer the pigments from the plate to the paper.
The root word ‘mono” means one because you get a single print. This printmaking method results in a single, printed, original art image.
Monotypes are not editionable the way relief or intaglio prints are. There are no repeatable mark-making elements in the plate – like incised lines, or adhered shapes.
There are no repeatable mark-making elements laid in the ink, such as stencils, or organic materials like leaves, etc.
The design of a monotype is made with manipulated pigments alone, and therefore it is considered a very painterly form of singular image printmaking. (See resources for details to make a monotype below.)
How to Make a Monotype Print
Here is a monotype printmaking tutorial video on my youtube channel. The process outlined in these photos – with the resulting print above – is a perfect example of a first monotype printmaking project for you. Especially if you don’t want to carve with sharp tools, and if you don’t have a press, or a whole day to play with ink.
The demo of a monotype print that you see in this post is a single color of ink rolled out directly on a sheet of plexiglass.
If you don’t have a sheet of plexiglass to use as a plate, you can roll your ink out on a sheet of drafting film, aluminum foil, yupo paper, or a piece of glass from a photo frame.
If you use a sheet of glass, tape it down to a table with a narrow frame of masking tape or duck tape along the edges to keep it from sliding around and to cover the sharp edges.
Use what you have for tools… I’ve used the back of a paint brush handle in this demo video to sketch shapes into the wet printmaking ink. Use a chop stick, a pencil, a knitting needle, etc.
The reference photo for this demo was taken in the 1950’s in Scottsdale, Arizona, where it almost never rains. Use any photo you like, with simple shapes in light and dark. Avoid lots of detail in your first monotype. There will be plenty of opportunity to master details in your 2nd, 5th and 30th monotype.
Monotype Printmaking Demonstration Videos
You can watch the video below, or click here to watch it directly on my channel. There are five other tutorials posted there, so have a look if you think you’d like to experiment with this painterly form of printmaking.
And if you’d like to take my online course on monotype printmaking, sign up here to be notified as soon as the course is published!
Helpful Printmaking Posts from this Art blog
- Adding watercolor to a landscape monotype ghost print
- Preparing a plate for a large interior light field monotype
- A light field monotype of a still life printed from mylar with no press required
- How to make a trace monotype without a press
- Refining Details on a Light Field Monotype Print with Colored Pencil
- Gift Ideas for the Beginner Printmaker looking to try Linocut or Relief Printing
- Make a Monotype Print from Recycled Plastic Food Containers and Acrylic Paint
- Monotype Ghost Prints – Adding Colored Pencil to Enhance Details and Increase Values
Tools for a Successful Monotype Printmaking Session
Monotyping Tutorial Videos
- Watch a video tutorial on a Trace Monotype print mash-up with watercolor and pastel (Tutorial #1)
- Here is a Trace Monotype print demonstration with a mash up of separate photo references, and colored pencil (Tutorial #2)
- Make a Full-Color Monotype Still Life Print with this Fun Video Tutorial
- (Sign up to be notified when my online Monotype Printmaking class series is released here.)
Monotype Printmaking Supplies
- Check the links below for supplies used in this video so you can experiment with this fun printmaking method too:
- Rubber gloves http://amzn.to/1bNmWvu
- Apron http://amzn.to/1fWXkIh
- Wood stir sticks for your ink http://amzn.to/23vAWRk
- Plexiglass for your table top http://amzn.to/1R7gI7z -or- 12×12 acetate sheets to roll your ink out on http://amzn.to/1UfjNru
- Newsprint to slide under your plexi table top http://amzn.to/1RZTm5n
- G-tip low-lint cotton swabs http://amzn.to/1RZTp0Z
- Rubber tipped wipe-out tools https://amzn.to/2DDenov
- akua ink https://amzn.to/2DDbCUl
- Fine Mist Spray Bottle to spritz your paper if you need to, or if you happen to be using fast drying inks http://amzn.to/1qhOzoG
- 4 inch soft rubber brayer http://amzn.to/1vOHPzY
- Drawing bridge http://amzn.to/22ngGyR
- Clothespins for hanging/drying art http://amzn.to/20tuPLq
- Prismacolor Premier Soft Core Colored Pencils http://amzn.to/1HZ9mjp
- Brown Handle Synthetic Craft Brush http://amzn.to/1SK120Y
- Japanese kozo paper http://amzn.to/1C97v9I
Monotype Reference Books
- The Painterly Print http://amzn.to/1Ld9aUU
- Monotype: Mediums and Methods http://amzn.to/1P0aghm
- Printmaking Bible http://amzn.to/1Ld9gvQ
- Print Workshop http://amzn.to/1QMmFYl
- If you have any questions about the process, please leave them in the comment section, and I’ll do my best to answer them quickly!
Thanks for stopping by today, and I’ll see you in the next studio post!
P.S. You can sign up here to subscribe and get each new art post from this studio via email as soon as it’s published.
P.P.S. You can join the Monotype Printmaking Group on Facebook, and share your work there for feedback!
What is the Difference Between a Monotype and a Monoprint?
A monotype uses pigments alone, manipulated into a design on a smooth plate with paintbrushes, fingertips or cotton swabs, etc. The artist adds, removes, and manipulates wet pigments – either a single color or a full spectrum of colors. The still-wet pigment is pressed against printmaking paper to transfer the design from the plate to the paper, resulting in a single print – a monotype.
A monoprint uses some form of repeatable mark-maker, either beneath the ink, or above it. Underneath the ink examples would be incised lines, or carved marks in the plate that would be repeated in each print. Above the ink repeatable mark-making examples are stencils, stamps, organic materials like leaves and plants, etc.
Repeatable mark-makers can still be manipulated in a way that makes each print unique, as with a monotype, but there is some form of repeatable shape-maker impressed into the pigment from above – or an incised, repeatable impression beneath the pigment. That is a monoprint.