About the Linocut
Have you ever made a m linocut? Most folks I meet at art festivals say they recall printing in grade school from rubber erasers, potatoes, apples and carrot stamps. The fun thing is this: no matter how old the person is when discussing grade school printmaking – they remember what their first print was. A gecko, a spider, a dog, etc. Printmaking is fun, and I’m always delighted to bring it full circle, to re-introduce the process to an adult who hasn’t carved a block in a few decades. All you need are a few art supplies, and a reference image you’d like to print in multiples.
If you’re looking for ideas to make a linocut print, I have an approach to share that’ll result in a whole series – especially if you like still life. The arrangement above was the result of a scoop through the kitchen to collect items with bright colors. A dinner napkin with stripes, a green apple, a dessert plate, a wine glass and a bud vase. I snipped a rose from the yard, sliced the apple, poured water into the wine glass, and arranged the objects on the napkin by a sunny window. (What you don’t see in my composition is the clutter [dinner dishes] that was all around this still life arrangement, but that won’t matter in yours either, if you use artful cropping.) 🙂
Still Life Square Dance
Once you have your still life objects, pull out your phone or a camera, and start photographing arrangements from a variety of angles and distances. Squint often to reduce the details into shapes, and look for compositions in your grouping that suggest diagonal lines, circular clusters, X-patterns and asymmetry. Use the viewfinder of your camera to survey compositions, or an Artist’s Viewcatcher. Play with shadows. Take lots of photos. Move objects out of the frame, and rearrange the remaining things in the viewfinder. Take more photos. Zoom in on just one or two of the items in your arrangement, and snap photos of parts of that item with artful cropping. Put something back into your shot, and remove something else. Take aerial views, ground-up views, horizontal views and diagonal views with your camera.
“I look; morning to night I am never done with looking.
Looking I mean not just standing around, but standing around
As though with your arms open.”
Once you’ve downloaded the images, while reviewing them on a larger monitor, consider using editing software to translate the photos to black and white. Looking at your reference photos in monochrome will help you visualize them as single color, black and white linocuts. You can also crop the photos to get more interesting compositions, or overlay parts in a composite of multiple photos. (Example: Put a window in the background behind your still life, etc.) From one arrangement of items pulled from around the house, you might end up with 25 linocut ideas, as well as sketching and painting fodder if you enjoy other media too.
Linocut Ideas Road Map
The series of photos I snapped for the linocut at the top of this post have been used over and over in other media. Take a look at this watercolor, and this pen and ink study, and this monotype, for example. One sunny afternoon session with a few colorful objects and your iphone camera could result in a whole pile of new art. Especially if the objects collected for your linocut still life arrangement are significant to you in some way, or they follow a theme. Take for example an all white item grouping, or an arrangement of only things that are square. You could assemble all the same objects – like spools of thread – artfully arranged in a stack, or tumbled together. How about a selection of daisy flower heads on a sheet of paper, or a variety of leaves arranged in a heart pattern, etc. Example video: have a look at this clever linocut of cameras by printmaker Hannah Forward. Whatever you decide, have so much fun with it!
How to make a Linocut
To begin a linocut, gather your reference materials; a drawing, a photo or a still life – or a clear view of a landscape or interior scene from life, a sheet of linoleum, a permanent marker, some fine grit sandpaper and carving tools. It’s also helpful to have some non-skid shelf liner to rest the linoleum on, and perhaps even a bench hook, so your hands are never bracing the block, and getting in the path of the blade while you’re carving.
Preparing the Plate for a Linocut
Before starting, use some fine-grit sandpaper and lightly sand the uppermost surface of the linoleum block to remove any bumps, blemishes, and the sealer they use to keep the material from drying out. Sketch your drawing with a permanent marker, or transfer it with acrylic varnish from a print-out from your computer. (Do you know how to do that? If not, let me know if the comments and I’ll explain.)
Draw Your Linocut Design
Using permanent marker, draw your linocut design on the sheet of linoleum, thinking before you apply each line about black and white. You’ll be carving everything from the linoleum material EXCEPT your drawing, so use your marker to draw the dark parts of your reference image. Leave the brightest, white parts alone, since you’ll carve those away, which will result in white paper showing through on your print. Look at your reference photo in advance, and ponder which parts should be drawn (printable), and which parts should be left out (carved away to show the white of your paper), etc. If you’re adding any words to your print, be sure to lay the lettering out backwards because the text will print in reverse. If you’ve never made a linocut print before, choose a relatively simple design so you can get the feel for both cutting and printing. And give yourself permission to mess up; everything new takes a little practice.
Rolling Ink Out for a Linocut
Rolling ink on the plate. And speaking of rolling ink, there is a great video tutorial on McClain’s website for inking a block in a blended gradient with printmaking inks. I love their tip of using tape as a guide to keep the roller aligned with the block. (There are more tips about inking in the videos at the bottom of this post.)
A Word About Inks
If you plan to add other media to your print after it dries – especially wet media like watercolors or acrylics, be sure to select an ink that dries permanent. Many water-based inks in art supply stores re-wet when you attempt to paint them, which leads to a big mess of muddy colors and lost details in the print. Do your research to find inks you can paint on, and be sure you’re printing on a paper heavy enough to handle additional wet media without buckling and warping, or bleeding through.
Are you Going to Make one?
I hope you decide to dive into this wonderful printmaking method, and your adventures are fruitful and fun. For even a little more inspiration, here is a link to a Pinterest board I’ve curated – all devoted to linocut and woodcut – for your linocut idea harvesting. If you have any questions about the particulars of the process, leave a note in the comments. I reply to all comments, and you might find other readers of this blog will reply and help too. We all get better at art together. 🙂
Thanks for stopping by, and I’ll see you in the next post!
P.S. Here is a playlist of video tutorials about the set up I use, and the tools in my studio for linocut printmaking:
P.P.P.S. If you’d like each new post over here to magically arrive in your inbox, you can sign up for that (free) here.
The world is bigger than you are; your only choice is to make things better or not at the scale of your abilities. Therefore when times are good, build. And when times are bad, build. The times are not yours to dictate, only the building. The world you can best make better is the world of your family and friends. Improvement in the world at large has always been largely a matter of a preponderance of people who made their small worlds better. Therefore mark a sad time for a small period, then take heart, and be glad of heart. Go on doing good.