What is a Trace Monotype?
Trace monotype is a form of printmaking based on drawing into a sheet of paper laid on an inked plate, rather than carving (as in woodcuts or engraving).
It’s a very accessible printmaking method because even if you don’t draw well, you can simply trace your lines, as the title implies.
As a bonus, making a trace monotype doesn’t require a press, and there are a variety of ways to add other media to enhance a trace monotype with color.
Trace Monotype Techniques
Here are photos of one approach to this wonderful printmaking process:
Step by Step Method for Making a Trace Monotype
After rolling printmaking ink evenly with a brayer on a smooth plate (you can use metal, glass, drafting film or acrylic as your plate), I lay a thin sheet of printmaking paper (you can use 90lb Arches cover, or BFK Rives Lightweight) on top of the wet ink, and carefully draw the beginnings of my image on the paper with a technical pencil.
If your ink is very loose, or wet and shiny, you might consider blotting it first with a sheet of newsprint. Lay the newsprint (or an old phone book page) on the inked plate, and pet if gently as though you’re smoothing a wrinkle in a bed sheet. Be gentle, but thorough, so the entire plate surface is blotted with the same pressure. Throw the newsprint away.
Now, lay your printmaking paper on the thinned, less wet ink surface and draw your design. The pressure of drawing collects a line of ink on the back of the paper as your pencil bears down on the cover sheet.
Tools for the Job
For this drawing part of the process, it’s helpful to use a small piece of non-skid under your plate to keep it from slipping around, and a drawing bridge to keep your hand from pushing your paper into the pigment and leaving bruises of ink on your art.
You can also use a piece of masking tape to hold the top of the printmaking paper in place, like a hinge, so you can peek underneath as you’re drawing to make sure you’re picking up ink.
If your ink seems too heavy, and your light-weight paper sinks into the wet pigment in a solid, plate-shaped mass, be sure to use that blotting technique first: lay a scrap sheet of newsprint on the ink, pet it very lightly and evenly with your hand, and then peel it away to remove a bit of the uppermost layer of ink off the entire plate. It’s just like blotting excess lipstick with a tissue. 💄
Then, lay a fresh sheet of printmaking paper on top of your newly thinned ink, and draw (or trace) your design. If you’re tracing, lay your reference photo on top of your printmaking paper, hold the plate-paper-photo sandwich steady with one hand, and trace the lines directly onto the photo.
Triple Your Results
Two extra benefits of using this printmaking process can result in even more art from this single creative session. After you pull the trace monotype off your inked plate, you’ll see the map of your drawing in the ink (see below).
Those inky grooves are a perfect starting point to create a dark field monotype from that plate. See a video tutorial for this process here.
But Wait, There’s More!
In addition to your trace monotype pulled from the plate, and your dark field monotype created with the remaining ink on the plate, you can also print from your print! I know – crazy-face! 🤯 But stay with me; the trace monotype you just pulled from the plate has a wet-ink drawing on one side of the paper.
You can lay the wet-ink side down on a fresh sheet of printmaking paper, and either hand rub (holding both sheets together with super-hero efficiency), or roll them through a press to make *another* trace monotype, which will print in reverse from the first one! Coolness, right? Whoop-whoop! See below.
Dropping Some Printmaking Knowledge!
So now, you and I have a trace monotype from your very first pull off the inky plate!
And a dark field monotype from the remaining ink on that same plate.
And there’s another trace monotype pulled from the still-wet surface of the first trace monotype, which is also called a cognate print or a counter proof!
Three for one! Pompoms and confetti and crowds cheering! We link arms and do an Irish jig around the room!
Monotype Making Tips
So, now that you know how to do this printmaking process, let’s you and me get crackin’ and make something! Here are some tips:
- For starters, keep your design relatively simple, with plenty of space between your line-work. Choose an image that doesn’t have a lot of detail, until you get the hang of your supplies.
- The results will vary greatly depending on your choice of ink, the thickness you roll it out on the plate, the weight and tooth of the paper, your drawing tool, and the humidity of your environment.
- To avoid frustration, consider your first few prints EXPERIMENTS, vs aiming right out the gate for a MASTERPIECE. If you want to learn more about monotypes in general, here is a playlist on my monotype tutorial and demonstration channel on YouTube.
Happy printmaking, and I’ll see you in the next post!
P.S. Where did that Title come from?
All in green went my love riding
on a great horse of gold
into the silver dawn.
e e cummings
I think of art as a glue, a cultural and social glue. It’s one of the means that has served to show us the things we believe in and the things we celebrate; it has served to reinforce our relationship to each other.
– Eric Fischl