Using a Grid to Sketch Small Studies and Improve Drawing Skills

a man sitting at a kitchen counter writing in a book with a cup of coffee and an apple on a plate and slanted sunlight streaming into the room behind him

Watercolor Study: Cabin Captain 8 x 11.5 pencil and watercolor

It’s a New Month

Happy January! Hopefully, in between holiday clean up, and taking stock of the year from the rear view mirror, you’re also swinging a telescope forward to anticipate the future heft of art supplies in your hands, right? There are work surfaces to clear, and pigments to sort, and sketch pads to flip through while reflecting on the creative goals imagined for the year ahead of us, yes?  I’m practically jumping up and down with relief at the thought of getting back to work. I crave the comfort in the familiar rhythm of Routine. Let’s get into it.

a black and white computer printout of a photo of a man in a cabin, with grid lines drawn over the photo, and a series of grids on a sketchpad with the early stages of a portrait in a few of the squares

Grid Drawing the beginnings of a portrait study of my father in law

Using a Grid to Lay in a Drawing

I’m still using my simplified version of the grid method to lay out sketches and drawings based on black and white printouts of reference photos. Have you tried this approach yet? I know it won’t work for everyone, but goodness!, it teaches so much about measuring the relationships between shapes.  Year ago, I attended a workshop with the amazing Susan Lyon.  She explained portrait drawing likeness as a matter or relationship-practice: how much space is there between the tear duct of the left eye to the bridge of the nose? And from the bridge of the nose, where does the brow begin? Each shape on the face is a relative distance to another shape. You get better and better at pinning down those distances with repetition, and that’s exactly what you’re doing when drawing shapes inside a cube on your grid drawings. Which quadrant of the cube does this circle occupy? How close to the lower corner does this angled line pass through?

a section from a reference photo folded into a rectangle, and a rectangular square drawn on paper as a guide

Matching intersection lines, and angled shapes against an X in a cube, one square at a time

grid drawings from charles Bierk's studio

Grids on source photos for enlarged drawings in Charles Bierk’s studio (check out his work on Instagram)

drawing in pencil of a man inside a cabin sitting at a counter, on a sketchpad propped on a pillow on my lap

Sketching shapes, and shading background in the grid drawing on the couch, with my sketchbook propped on a pillow as my lap desk

A sketchbook open on a kitchen counter, with watercolor palette and a cup of water, as the first washes of pigments are added to the pencil sketch

My favorite part of most watercolors sketches: the first washes of color. Oh, the possibilities! Painting at the kitchen counter.

Let’s Get Your Inspiration Started

  • Robert Kondo is an artist, animator, director (his animated short, The Dam Keeper was an Oscar nominee) and instructor at Schoolism.  This six minute video demo painting (digital) of the sink in his studio is a beautiful example of block-in and shape-layout.  He follows flat blocks of color with incremental layers of refinement. You can do this exercise too, with a pencil.  Set up a still life with bright light and shadow, and deploy the same whittling down – from blocking the essence with shapes, to adjusting angles with an eraser, all the way through to adding cup handles near the end.

Don’t Be Overwhelmed

  • If the notion that 10,000 hours is a requirement to learn a skill leaves you quaking in the corner, read this article by Josh Kaufman. How does 20 hours sound, instead? Everyone is busy, so the idea that getting good at art-making will take four years in college, and drawing every single day, and painting during lunch hours, and sketching from the car in the pick-up line at school is a little daunting. Twenty hours can be carved into one hour sessions on Monday, Wednesday and Friday for two months, and bingo, you’ve done it. Baby steps.

The human brain is optimized to pick up new skills extremely quickly. If you persist and practice in an intelligent way, you’ll always experience dramatic improvements in a very short period of time.  ~Josh Kaufman

the watercolor sketch is a little more refined now, but still has some tweaking to do in the room around the figure

Refining values, and adjusting shapes…

You’re in Good Grid Company

  • Do you know the paintings and printmaking of Chuck Close? His giant (107″ x 83″) self portrait painted with Mars Black Acrylic in 1968 was done using a grid.  Most of his subsequent work utilizes a grid too – but he’s taken it beyond the utility of accurate drawing and painting, and suffused it with his own creative and brilliant interpretation. Have a look at a few of his paintings and printmaking in this article.


Here’s to Us

I’m so ready to start the climb into this year! I’ve been sorting through scans of watercolor studies. Some of them were painted many times over the course of a decade. It’s interesting to see the same scene rendered again and again as a sketch, a drawing, a watercolor (or three) and a linocut. A chronological line up shows improvements in my drawing and painting skills over time – something I don’t often see on a day to day basis, so there’s that.  And the repeated scenes are a record of sorts; revealing what was precious then, and what’s drawing me to paint now.

a watercolor portrait of the artist resting a chin on her hand

Plan Your Work, and Work Your Plan

The urge to paint a particular scene is mercurial and mysterious; what moved me a decade ago might be a struggle to get excited about now. Is that an indication of growth?  Am I getting better at honing my craft to select more impactful subjects and compositions? Or is it a reflection of this chapter of my life, and the fickle nature of meandering emotional responses? I’m not sure, but I feel a strong tug to paint small watercolor studies this year, like the one in this post. More sketching of subjects already painted, and new views, beyond my skill set. A plan is always exciting to think about – sorting thumbnails and notes and images.  Are you doing this too?

I plan to pursue artistic growth in 2019 like a earnest bounty hunter. How about you?

Let’s link arms, and jump in fully. Cowabunga!

Thanks for visiting, and I’ll see you in the next post,


P.S. You can subscribe to get every new post as an email. Its free. Sign up here.

a painting by Alphonse mucha next to a reference photo with grid lines drawn through it

The amazing Alphonse Mucha (1860-1939), used the grid system too.

Art Quote

We can change. People say we can’t, but we do when the stakes or the pain is high enough. And when we do, life can change. It offers more of itself when we agree to give up our busyness.

~Anne Lamott

a cat asleep on a keyboard, with his paws blocking and wrapped around a human hand trying to get to the keys

Click the kitty to watch a free mini course with tips to making more room for art in your busy life.

8 Responses to Using a Grid to Sketch Small Studies and Improve Drawing Skills

  1. Lenore Grubinger 08/01/2019 at 10:59 am #

    Happy New Year Miss DelPesco! Another great inspiring post from you for all of us and I’m right with you. Clean the art desk, organize those piles of ‘to start’ and ‘to finish’ and lets get on with the year, shall we?? See you and your art there!! xx
    ps I loosely use the grid method — I rub soft pencil on the back of a copy of an image I want to paint, then put it over H2O paper and trace the basics. The rest I draw in following the grid and also making my own edits.

    • Belinda DelPesco 08/01/2019 at 11:57 am #

      My dear Ms Grubinger, I heartily concur that a thorough studio clean up, and return to a sensible routine is in order! I am high-fiving you (from the bottom step) on that one. And bravo, with a bowl of raspberries, on your clever mash up of trace, sketch and grid to get your drawings on the watercolor paper. Amen to Resourcefulness!

  2. Susan Koprowski 08/01/2019 at 7:37 am #

    Great post and links, Belinda. Really inspired me to get back into my routine! Thank you!

    • Belinda DelPesco 08/01/2019 at 8:04 am #

      Hi Susan, Happy New Starts, and Long-Trail-Hike into your creative routine!


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